Identification of genetic markers for the discrimination of <i>Bacillus thuringiensis</i> within the <i>Bacillus cereus</i> group, in the context of foodborne outbreaks - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
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Identification of genetic markers for the discrimination of Bacillus thuringiensis within the Bacillus cereus group, in the context of foodborne outbreaks

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Abstract

Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), belonging to the Bacillus cereus (Bc) group, is commonly used as a biopesticide worldwide, due to its ability to produce insecticidal protein crystals during sporulation. The use of Bt, especially subspecies aizawai and kurstaki, to control pests such as Lepidoptera generally involves spraying mixtures containing spores and crystals on crops intended for human consumption. Recent studies have suggested that the consumption of commercial Bt strains may be responsible for foodborne outbreaks (FBOs). However, its genetic proximity to Bc strains has hindered the development of routine tests to discriminate Bt from other Bc, especially Bacillus cereus sensu stricto (Bc ss), also responsible for FBOs. Here, to develop tools for the detection and the discrimination of Bt in food, we carried out a genome-wide association study (GWAS) on 286 complete genomes of Bc group strains to identify and validate in silico new molecular markers specific to different Bt subtypes. The analyses led to the determination and the validation in silico of 128 molecular markers specific to Bt, its subspecies aizawai, kurstaki and four previously described proximity clusters associated with these subspecies. We developed a command line tool (https://github.com/afelten-anses/Bt_typing) based on a 14-marker workflow for in silico Bt identification of a putative Bc genome with the aim of facilitating the discrimination of Bt from other Bc and between Bt subspecies, especially in the context of FBOs. Collectively, these data provide key elements for investigating Bc/Bt-associated FBOs and for monitoring Bt in food
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hal-03822252 , version 1 (20-10-2022)

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Arnaud Fichant, Arnaud Felten, Armel Gallet, Olivier Firmesse, Mathilde Bonis. Identification of genetic markers for the discrimination of Bacillus thuringiensis within the Bacillus cereus group, in the context of foodborne outbreaks. 2022. ⟨hal-03822252⟩
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