Molecular differentiation of Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycoplasma imitans strains by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and random amplified polymorphic DNA. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series B Year : 2001

Molecular differentiation of Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycoplasma imitans strains by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and random amplified polymorphic DNA.

(1) , (1) , (1)
1

Abstract

Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis were used to compare 21 Mycoplasma gallisepticum strains and five M. imitans strains. Each strain of M. gallisepticum typed by PFGE and RAPD methods was genetically quite unique and RAPD and PFGE fingerprinting enabled strain characterization. Relationships between the M. gallisepticum and M. imitans strains were established and dendrograms were drawn from PFGE and RAPD patterns. PFGE group A and RAPD group D were significantly associated with M. imitans strains (P < 0.05). Three M. imitans strains shared the same PFGE and RAPD patterns. The two M. gallisepticum vaccine strains had singular PFGE and RAPD patterns. Thus, PFGE and RAPD can be used to investigate disease outbreaks in vaccinated flocks or for epidemiological tracking. For M. gallisepticum, the RAPD and PFGE discriminatory powers were superior to 0.95 and the in vitro, in ovo and in vivo reproducibility of RAPD and PFGE was 100%. The RAPD drawback was the inconsistent band intensity complicating the interpretation of patterns, while the PFGE limit was its low typeability (86%). Thus, these two molecular typing methods seemed complementary for M. gallisepticum epidemiological studies.
Not file

Dates and versions

hal-00366195 , version 1 (06-03-2009)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-00366195 , version 1
  • PUBMED : 11765805

Cite

C. Marois, F. Dufour-Gesbert, I. Kempf. Molecular differentiation of Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycoplasma imitans strains by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and random amplified polymorphic DNA.. Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series B, 2001, 48 (9), pp.695-703. ⟨hal-00366195⟩

Collections

ANSES
54 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More