Differential detection of tick-borne pathogens in human platelets and whole blood using microfluidic PCR - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Acta Tropica Year : 2023

Differential detection of tick-borne pathogens in human platelets and whole blood using microfluidic PCR

(1, 2) , (3) , (1) , (4) , (1) , (1) , (5) , (4) , (4) , (4)
1
2
3
4
5

Abstract

The tick-borne pathogens (TBPs) with adhesive phenotype can use platelets for dissemination and colonization of distant tissues and organs, and it has been shown that they can be found concentrated in the platelet fraction of blood. This study shows the differential presence of TBPs in samples of human platelet fraction (n = 68), whole blood samples (n = 68) and ticks collected (n = 76) from the same individuals, using an unbiased high-throughput pathogen detection microfluidic system. The clinical symptoms were characterized in enrolled patients. In patients with suspected TBP infection, serological assays were conducted to test for the presence of antibodies against specific TBPs. Tick species infesting humans were identified as Ixodes ricinus, Dermacentor reticulatus, and Haemaphysalis punctata. Eight patients developed local skin lesions at the site of the tick bite including non-specific lesions, itching sensation at the lesion site, and eschar. Most common TBPs detected in platelet fraction were Borrelia spielmanii and Rickettsia sp., followed by Borrelia afzelii and Anaplasma phagocytophilum. Multiple infections with three TBPs were detected in platelet fraction. In whole blood, most common TBPs detected were Anaplasma spp. and A. phagocytophilum, followed by Rickettsia spp. and B. afzelii. In ticks, the most common TBP detected was Rickettsia spp., followed by Borrelia spp. and Anaplasma spp. Overall, nine different pathogens with variable prevalence were identified using species-specific primers, and the most common was Rickettsia helvetica. In three patients, there were no coincidences between the TBPs detected in whole blood and tick samples. Only in one patient was detected A. phagocytophilum in both, whole blood and tick samples. These results suggest the unequal detection of TBPs in whole blood, platelet fraction and ticks collected, from the same individual. The results justify the use of both whole blood and platelet fraction for molecular diagnosis of TBPs in patients.
Not file

Dates and versions

anses-03942939 , version 1 (17-01-2023)

Licence

Copyright

Identifiers

Cite

Pavle Banović, Elianne Piloto-Sardiñas, Dragana Mijatović, Angélique Foucault-Simonin, Verica Simin, et al.. Differential detection of tick-borne pathogens in human platelets and whole blood using microfluidic PCR. Acta Tropica, 2023, 238, pp.106756. ⟨10.1016/j.actatropica.2022.106756⟩. ⟨anses-03942939⟩
0 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More