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Journal Articles Journal of Equine Veterinary Science Year : 2022

Comparison of five basal compositions of selective chocolate agar media for isolation of Taylorella equigenitalis

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Abstract

The gold standard method to isolate and identify Taylorella equigenitalis, the contagious agent of equine metritis, is the culture method according to the World Organisation for Animal Health Terrestrial Manual. No selective T. equigenitalis chocolate agar medium has been developed since the 1980s and the existing media show limited performances due to the fastidious nature of T. equigenitalis and the presence of interfering bacteria in the genital tract of equines. Here, the growth rates of 6 T. equigenitalis strains and 7 non-T. equigenitalis strains were compared on Timoney's selective medium formulated with 5 different basal agars (Columbia, Eugon, Blood, Mueller-Hinton and Tryptose Blood) provided by 2 to 4 suppliers per basal agar. The impact of glucose and/or Vitox supplementation was also investigated. Overall, the performance of selective T. equigenitalis media could be improved by substituting Eugon or Columbia agar with Blood, Mueller-Hinton or Tryptose Blood agar. It is nevertheless essential to validate the basal agar/supplier pair using a panel of T. equigenitalis strains. Furthermore, our findings confirm the need to supplement the selective media with a mixture of amino acids, nucleotides, and organic, mineral and vitamin compounds, translated here by Vitox supplementation.
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Marie-France Breuil, Marina Joseph, Sandrine Petry. Comparison of five basal compositions of selective chocolate agar media for isolation of Taylorella equigenitalis. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science, 2022, 110, pp.103829. ⟨10.1016/j.jevs.2021.103829⟩. ⟨anses-03927709⟩

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