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Journal Articles PLoS ONE Year : 2022

Analysis of cattle movement networks in Paraguay: Implications for the spread and control of infectious diseases

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Abstract

Beef exports represent a substantial part of Paraguay’s agricultural sector. Cattle movements involve a high risk due to the possible spread of bovine diseases that can have a significant impact on the country’s economy. We analyzed cattle movements from 2014 to 2018 using the networks analysis methodology at the holding and district levels at different temporal scales. We built two types of networks to identify network characteristics that may contribute to the spread of two diseases with different epidemiological characteristics: i) a network including all cattle movements to consider the transmission of a disease of rapid spread like foot and mouth disease, and ii) a network including only cow movements to account for bovine brucellosis, a disease of slow spread that occurs mainly in adult females. Network indicators did not vary substantially among the cattle and cow only networks. The holdings/districts included in the largest strongly connected components were distributed throughout the country. Percolation analysis performed at the holding level showed that a large number of holdings should be removed to make the largest strongly connected component disappear. Higher values of the centrality indicators were found for markets than for farms, indicating that they may play an important role in the spread of an infectious disease. At the holding level (but not at the district level), the networks exhibited characteristics of small-world networks. This property may facilitate the spread of foot and mouth disease in case of re-emergence, or of bovine brucellosis in the country through cattle movements. They should be taken into account when implementing surveillance or control measures for these diseases.

Dates and versions

anses-03926648 , version 1 (06-01-2023)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

Identifiers

Cite

Amaias Avalos, Benoit Durand, José Naranjo, Victor Maldonado, Laetitia Canini, et al.. Analysis of cattle movement networks in Paraguay: Implications for the spread and control of infectious diseases. PLoS ONE, 2022, 17 (12), pp.e0278999. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0278999⟩. ⟨anses-03926648⟩
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