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Seroconversion against antigen MPB83 in badgers (Meles meles) vaccinated with multiple doses of BCG strain Sofia

Abstract : Serological diagnosis of Mycobacterium bovis infection in badgers (Meles meles) has relied primarily on antibody recognition of MPB83, a sero-dominant antigen of M. bovis. Most vaccine studies in badgers to date have used the Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) Danish strain, a low producer of MPB83. Due to a supply shortage of the BCG Danish strain, the BCG Sofia SL222 strain has been considered as an alternative vaccine. This strain is a high producer of MPB83 raising the possibility that vaccinated animals will test sero-positive in diagnostic assays that use this antigen. In this study we vaccinated a group of eleven badgers with BCG Sofia SL222 by injection via the intramuscular route and a booster vaccine dose was similarly delivered at 12 weeks and 64 weeks. Primary vaccination did not result in measured detection of antibodies against MPB83 in any badger during the first twelve weeks using serum or whole blood tested by the Dual Path Platform (DPP) VetTB, however, MPB83 antibodies were detected in a semi-quantitative ELISA assay. Following delivery of booster BCG at 12 weeks and 64 weeks, antibody responses against MPB83 were recorded in badgers using whole blood and serum on DPP VetTB and by ELISA. At all time points, vaccination was also associated with the in vitro production of gamma interferon (IFN-γ) following stimulation of lymphocytes with bovine and avian tuberculin (PPD) but not with MPB83 or M. bovis specific antigen CFP-10. The results indicate that serological diagnosis of tuberculosis using tests that target MPB83 may be compromised if badgers are repeatedly vaccinated with BCG Sofia.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 28, 2022 - 9:58:28 AM
Last modification on : Monday, October 3, 2022 - 1:17:14 PM


McGill_Res Vet Sci_2022.pdf
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Kevina Mcgill, Tara Fitzsimons, Anthony Duignan, Leigh Corner, Sandrine Lesellier, et al.. Seroconversion against antigen MPB83 in badgers (Meles meles) vaccinated with multiple doses of BCG strain Sofia. Research in Veterinary Science, 2022, 149, pp.119-124. ⟨10.1016/j.rvsc.2022.06.011⟩. ⟨anses-03790166⟩



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