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Sensor dimer disruption as a new mode of action to block the IRE1-mediated unfolded protein response

Abstract : The unfolded protein response (UPR) is activated to cope with an accumulation of improperly folded proteins in the Endoplasmic reticulum (ER). The Inositol requiring enzyme 1α (IRE1α) is the most evolutionary conserved transducer of the UPR. Activated IRE1 forms ’back-to-back’-dimers that enables the unconventional splicing of X-box Binding Protein 1 (XBP1) mRNA. The spliced XBP1 (XBP1s) mRNA is translated into a transcription factor controlling the expression of UPR target genes. Herein, we report a detailed in silico screening specifically targeting for the first time the dimer interface at the IRE1 RNase region. Using the database of FDA approved drugs, we identified four compounds (neomycin, pemetrexed, quercitrin and rutin) that were able to bind to and distort IRE1 RNase cavity. The activity of the compounds on IRE1 phosphorylation was evaluated in HEK293T cells and on IRE1 RNase activity using an in vitro fluorescence assay. These analyzes revealed sub-micromolar IC(50) values. The current study reveals a new and unique mode of action to target and block the IRE1-mediated UPR signaling, whereby we may avoid problems associated with selectivity occurring when targeting the IRE1 kinase pocket as well as the inherent reactivity of covalent inhibitors targeting the RNase pocket.
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Contributor : Laurent Jonchère Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 31, 2022 - 3:33:09 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 1, 2022 - 3:33:28 AM


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Kosala N Amarasinghe, Diana Pelizzari-Raymundo, Antonio Carlesso, Eric Chevet, Leif A Eriksson, et al.. Sensor dimer disruption as a new mode of action to block the IRE1-mediated unfolded protein response. Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal, Elsevier, 2022, 20, pp.1584-1592. ⟨10.1016/j.csbj.2022.03.029⟩. ⟨hal-03660238⟩



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