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Caractérisation de nouveaux variants des fimbriae F17 et association à la virulence chez des souches pathogènes d’Escherichia coli isolées chez le veau

Abstract : The bacterium Escherichia coli is commonly found in the normal intestinal microflora in mammals but may be responsible for diarrhea outbreaks in newborn calves. Among pathogenic E. coli in calves, necrotoxigenic strains of NTEC2 type produce adhesins of the F17 fimbriae family. These fimbriae are composed of the polymorphic pilin F17A and adhesin F17G, for which several variants are unknown. In this thesis, the two new pilin variants F17e-A and F17f-A and the new adhesin variant F17-G3 were reported. F17f-A is a mix of the pilin variants F17c-A and F17d-A and was identified on a Vir plasmid in a NTEC2 strain isolated from a diarrheic calf. F17e-A and F17-G3 were identified in E. coli strains isolated from diarrheic calves in Iran and from a bovine commensal E. coli strain respectively. To determine their association to virulence, a screening of these variants was performed on E. coli strains isolated from healthy and diarrheic calves. The genetic carriage of these variants was also determined. The F17-G3 encoding gene was exclusively carried by bacterial chromosome, notably on a pathogenicity island. The F17e-A encoding gene was chromosomally located or in association with the encoding genes of the NTEC2 typical toxins CNF2 and CDT-III on IncF plasmids that belong to a same plasmidic family. These results confirm the link between F17 fimbriae and NTEC2 strains and underline the role of plasmids in NTEC2 pathovar evolution and appearance
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Morgan Bihannic. Caractérisation de nouveaux variants des fimbriae F17 et association à la virulence chez des souches pathogènes d’Escherichia coli isolées chez le veau. Microbiologie et Parasitologie. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LYO10316⟩. ⟨tel-02434379⟩

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