D. Amicizia, A. Domnich, D. Panatto, P. L. Lai, C. Ml-avio et al., Epidemiology of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) in Europe and its prevention by available vaccines, Hum Vaccin Immunother, vol.9, pp.1163-71, 2013.

J. F. Bell, S. J. Stewart, and S. K. Wikel, Resistance to tick-borne Francisella tularensis by tick-sensitized rabbits: allergic klendusity, Am J Trop Med Hyg, vol.28, pp.876-80, 1979.

A. A. Blisnick, T. Foulon, and S. I. Bonnet, Serine Protease Inhibitors in Ticks: An Overview of Their Role in Tick Biology and Tick-Borne Pathogen Transmission, Front Cell Infect Microbiol, vol.7, p.199, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01536659

S. Bonnet, L. Michelet, S. Moutailler, J. Cheval, C. Hebert et al., Identification of Parasitic Communities within European Ticks Using NextGeneration Sequencing, PLoS Negl Trop Dis, vol.8, p.2753, 2014.

S. I. Bonnet, R. E. Paul, E. Bischoff, M. Cote, L. Naour et al., First identification of Rickettsia helvetica in questing ticks from a French Northern Brittany Forest, PLoS Negl Trop Dis, vol.11, p.5416, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-01570199

M. Brossard and S. K. Wikel, Immunology of interactions between ticks and hosts, Med Vet Entomol, vol.11, pp.270-276, 1997.

G. Burke, S. K. Wikel, A. Spielman, S. R. Telford, K. Mckay et al., Hypersensitivity to ticks and Lyme disease risk, Emerg Infect Dis, vol.11, pp.36-41, 2005.

V. ?-cotte, S. Bonnet, L. Rhun, D. , L. Naour et al., Transmission of Bartonella henselae by Ixodes ricinus, Emerg Infect Dis, vol.14, pp.1074-80, 2008.

V. ?-cotte, S. Bonnet, M. Cote, and M. Vayssier-taussat, Prevalence of five pathogenic agents in questing Ixodes ricinus ticks from western France. Vector borne and zoonotic diseases, vol.10, pp.723-753, 2010.

J. Dai, P. Wang, S. Adusumilli, C. J. Booth, S. Narasimhan et al., Antibodies against a tick protein, Salp15, protect mice from the Lyme disease agent, Cell Host Microbe, vol.6, pp.482-92, 2009.

?. De-la-fuente, J. Almazan, C. Canales, M. Perez-de-la-lastra, J. M. Kocan et al., A ten-year review of commercial vaccine performance for control of tick infestations on cattle, Anim Health Res Rev, vol.8, pp.23-31, 2007.

?. De-la-fuente, J. Estrada-pena, A. Venzal, J. M. Kocan, K. M. Sonenshine et al., Overview: Ticks as vectors of pathogens that cause disease in humans and animals, Front Biosci, vol.13, pp.6938-6984, 2008.

?. De-la-fuente, J. Moreno-cid, J. A. Canales, M. Villar, M. De-la-lastra et al., Arthropod subolesin/akirin for the development of a universal vaccine for control of vector infestations and pathogen transmission, Vet Parasitol, vol.181, pp.17-22, 2011.

?. De-la-fuente, J. Antunes, S. Bonnet, S. Cabezascruz, A. Domingos et al., Tick-Pathogen Interactions and Vector Competence: Identification of Molecular Drivers for Tick-Borne Diseases. Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology, vol.7, p.114, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01607008

R. Farkas, A. Estrada-peña, T. Jaenson, I. Pascucci, and M. Madder, Basic biology and geographical distribution of tick species involved in the transmission of animal pathogens, including zoonoses, pp.6-26, 2013.

M. W. Gaunt, L. D. Jones, K. Laurenson, P. J. Hudson, H. W. Reid et al., Definitive identification of louping ill virus by RT-PCR and sequencing in field populations of Ixodes ricinus on the Lochindorb estate, Arch Virol, vol.142, pp.1181-91, 1997.

F. ?-jongejan and G. Uilenberg, The global importance of ticks, Parasitology, vol.129, pp.3-14, 2004.

A. M. Kilpatrick, A. Dobson, T. Levi, D. J. Salkeld, A. Swei et al., Lyme disease ecology in a changing world: consensus, uncertainty and critical gaps for improving

, Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B, Biological sciences, p.372, 1722.

P. J. Krause, J. M. Grant-kels, S. R. Tahan, K. R. Dardick, F. Alarcon-chaidez et al., Dermatologic changes induced by repeated Ixodes scapularis bites and implications for prevention of tick-borne infection. Vector borne and zoonotic diseases, vol.9, pp.603-613, 2009.

?. Liu, X. Y. Bonnet, and S. I. , Hard tick factors implicated in pathogen transmission, PLoS Negl Trop Dis, vol.8, p.2566, 2014.

K. L. Mansfield, J. N. Phipps, L. P. Stephenson, J. R. Fooks, A. R. Solomon et al., Tickborne encephalitis virus -a review of an emerging zoonosis, J Gen Virol, vol.90, pp.1781-94, 2009.

O. Merino, C. Almazan, M. Canales, M. Villar, J. A. Moreno-cid et al., Targeting the tick protective antigen subolesin reduces vector infestations and pathogen infection by Anaplasma marginale and Babesia bigemina, Vaccine, vol.29, pp.8575-8584, 2011.

O. Merino, S. Antunes, J. Mosqueda, J. A. Morenocid, J. M. Perez-de-la-lastra et al., Vaccination with proteins involved in tick-pathogen interactions reduces vector infestations and pathogen infection, Vaccine, vol.31, pp.5889-96, 2013.

S. Moutailler, I. Popovici, E. Devillers, M. Vayssiertaussat, and M. Eloit, Diversity of viruses in Ixodes ricinus, and characterization of a neurotropic strain of Eyach virus. New microbes and new infections, vol.11, pp.71-81, 2016.

S. Moutailler, V. Moro, C. Vaumourin, E. Michelet, L. Tran et al., Co-infection of Ticks: The Rule Rather Than the Exception, PLoS neglected tropical diseases, vol.10, issue.3, p.4539, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01452884

S. Nazario, S. Das, A. M. De-silva, K. Deponte, N. Marcantonio et al., Prevention of Borrelia burgdorferi transmission in guinea pigs by tick immunity. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, vol.58, pp.780-785, 1998.

P. A. Nuttall, A. R. Trimnell, M. Kazimirova, and M. Labuda, Exposed and concealed antigens as vaccine targets for controlling ticks and tick-borne diseases, Parasite Immunol, vol.28, pp.155-63, 2006.

C. Reis, M. Cote, R. E. Paul, and S. Bonnet, Questing ticks in suburban forest are infected by at least six tick-borne pathogens, Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis, vol.11, pp.907-923, 2011.

A. Rizzoli, C. Silaghi, A. Obiegala, R. I. Hubalek, Z. Foldvari et al., Ixodes ricinus and Its Transmitted Pathogens in Urban and Peri-Urban Areas in Europe: New Hazards and Relevance for Public Health, Front Public Health, vol.2, p.251, 2014.

M. Rodriguez, M. L. Penichet, A. E. Mouris, V. Labarta, L. L. Luaces et al.,

, Control of Boophilus microplus populations in grazing cattle vaccinated with a recombinant Bm86 antigen preparation, Vet Parasitol, vol.57, pp.339-388, 1995.

L. Simo, M. Kazimirova, J. Richardson, and S. I. Bonnet, The Essential Role of Tick Salivary Glands and Saliva in Tick Feeding and Pathogen Transmission, Front Cell Infect Microbiol, vol.7, p.281, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01608039

?. Trager and W. , Acquired immunity to ticks, The Journal of parasitology, vol.25, pp.57-81, 1939.

A. R. Trimnell, G. M. Davies, O. Lissina, R. S. Hails, and P. A. Nuttall, A cross-reactive tick cement antigen is a candidate broad-spectrum tick vaccine, Vaccine, vol.23, pp.4329-4370, 2005.

?. Vayssier-taussat, M. Moutailler, S. Michelet, L. Devillers, E. Bonnet et al., Generation sequencing uncovers unexpected bacterial pathogens in ticks in western Europe, PLoS One, vol.8, p.81439, 2013.

S. K. Wikel, Host immunity to ticks, Annu Rev Entomol, vol.41, pp.1-22, 1996.

S. K. Wikel and A. Fj, Progress toward molecular characterization of ectoparasite modulation of host immunity, Veterinary parasitology, vol.101, pp.275-87, 2001.

S. K. Wikel, R. N. Ramachandra, D. K. Bergman, T. R. Burkot, and J. Piesman, Infestation with pathogen-free nymphs of the tick Ixodes scapularis induces host resistance to transmission of Borrelia burgdorferi by ticks, Infect Immun, vol.65, pp.335-343, 1997.