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La vaccination anti-tiques comme outil de prévention contre les multiples agents qu’elles transmettent

Abstract : Ticks, and in particular Ixodes ricinus, transmit diverse pathogens of major concern to human and animal health and represent the most important vectors in Europe. Current strategies of control and prevention are essentially based on the deployment of chemical acaricides, which cause harm to off-target species and contaminate the environment and foodstuffs, and generate selection of resistant strains of ticks. Vaccines are available for only a handful of tick-borne pathogens and are thus largely inadequate in view of the vast diversity of pathogenic agents that may be transmitted by ticks, and the risk thatnew tick-borne pathogens will emerge. Thus, new strategies compatible with values of sustainable development and capable of addressing pathogen diversity and even anticipating pathogen emergence must be sought. The development of vaccines that target the tick itself is thus an appealing means of seeking broad-spectrum protection against tick-borne diseases.
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Sarah Bonnet, Jennifer Richardson. La vaccination anti-tiques comme outil de prévention contre les multiples agents qu’elles transmettent. Bulletin de l'Académie Vétérinaire de France, Académie vétérinaire de France, 2018, pp.14. ⟨10.4267/2042/68002⟩. ⟨hal-02278946⟩



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