Assessment of the safety and immunogenicity of Rhodococcus equi-secreted proteins combined with either a liquid nanoparticle (IMS 3012) or a polymeric (PET GEL A) water-based adjuvant in adult horses and foals--identification of promising new candidate antigens.

Abstract : Rhodococcus equi is the most common infectious cause of mortality in foals between 1 and 6 months of age. Because of an increase in the number of antibiotic-resistant strains, the optimization of a prophylactic strategy is a key factor in the comprehensive management of R. equi pneumonia. The objectives of this study were to assess the safety and immunogenicity of R. equi-secreted proteins (ReSP) co-administered with either the nanoparticular adjuvant Montanide™ IMS 3012 VG, or a new polymeric adjuvant Montanide™ PET GEL A, and to further investigate the most immunogenic proteins for subsequent immunization/challenge experiments in the development of a vaccine against rhodoccocal pneumonia. The approach involved two phases. The first phase aimed to investigate the safety of vaccination in six adult horses. The second phase aimed to determine the safety and immunogenicity of vaccination in twelve 3-week-old foals. We set out to develop a method based on ultrasound measurements for safety assessment in adult horses in order to evaluate any in situ changes at the injection site, in the skin or the underlying muscle, with quantitative and qualitative data revealing that administration of ReSP combined with the Pet Gel A adjuvant led to an increase in local inflammation, associated with 4- to 7-fold higher levels of anti-R. equi IgGa, IgGb and IgGT, compared to administration of ReSP associated with IMS 3012 adjuvant, but without any impact on animal demeanor. Investigations were then performed in foals with serological and clinical follow-up until 6 months of age. Interestingly, we observed in foals a much lower incidence of adverse local tissue reactions at the injection site than in adult horses, with transient and moderate swelling for the group that received ReSP combined with Pet Gel A. Immunized foals with Pet Gel A adjuvant exhibited a similar response in both IgGa and IgGT levels, but a lower response in IgGb levels, compared to adult horses, with a subisotype profile that may however reflect a bias favorable to R. equi resistance. From the crude extract of secreted proteins, dot-blot screening enabled identification of cholesterol oxidase, mycolyl transferase 3, and PSP (probable secreted protein) as the most immunogenic candidates. Taken together, these results are encouraging in developing a vaccine for foals.
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Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, Elsevier, 2014, 157 (3-4), pp.164-74. 〈10.1016/j.vetimm.2013.12.003〉
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Soumis le : jeudi 5 juin 2014 - 16:35:06
Dernière modification le : vendredi 3 août 2018 - 16:10:02

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S. Cauchard, F. Bertrand, I. Barrier-Battut, S. Jacquet, Michel Laurentie, et al.. Assessment of the safety and immunogenicity of Rhodococcus equi-secreted proteins combined with either a liquid nanoparticle (IMS 3012) or a polymeric (PET GEL A) water-based adjuvant in adult horses and foals--identification of promising new candidate antigens.. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, Elsevier, 2014, 157 (3-4), pp.164-74. 〈10.1016/j.vetimm.2013.12.003〉. 〈hal-01002145〉

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