The PERICLES research program: An integrated approach to characterize the combined effects of mixtures of pesticide residues to which the French population is exposed.

Abstract : Due to the broad spectrum of pesticide usages, consumers are exposed to mixtures of residues, which may have combined effects on human health. The PERICLES research program aims to test the potential combined effects of pesticide mixtures, which are likely to occur through dietary exposure. The co-exposure of the French general population to 79 pesticide residues present in the diet was first assessed. A Bayesian nonparametric model was then applied to define the main mixtures to which the French general population is simultaneously and most heavily exposed. Seven mixtures made of two to six pesticides were identified from the exposure assessment. An in vitro approach was used for investigating the toxicological effects of these mixtures and their corresponding individual compounds, using a panel of cellular models, i.e. primary rat and human hepatocytes, liver, intestine, kidney, colon and brain human cell lines. A set of cell functions and corresponding end-points were monitored such as cytotoxicity, real-time cell impedance, genotoxicity, oxidative stress, apoptosis and PXR nuclear receptor transactivation. The mixtures were tested in equimolar concentrations. Among the seven mixtures, two appeared highly cytotoxic, five activated PXR and depending on the assay one or two were genotoxic. In some experiments, the mixture effect was quantitatively different from the effect expected from the addition concept. The PERICLES program shows that, for the most pesticides mixtures to which the French general population is exposed, the toxic effects observed on human cells cannot be easily predicted based on the toxic potential of each compound. Consequently, additional studies should be carried on in order to more accurately define the mixtures of chemicals to which the consumers are exposed, as well as to improve the investigation, prediction and monitoring of their potential human health effects.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Toxicology, Elsevier, 2013, epub ahead of print. 〈10.1016/j.tox.2013.04.005〉
Liste complète des métadonnées

https://hal-anses.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00872111
Contributeur : Emmanuelle Chiffoleau <>
Soumis le : vendredi 11 octobre 2013 - 11:41:35
Dernière modification le : mercredi 27 septembre 2017 - 16:54:06

Identifiants

Collections

Citation

A. Crépet, F. Héraud, C. Béchaux, M. E. Gouze, S. Pierlot, et al.. The PERICLES research program: An integrated approach to characterize the combined effects of mixtures of pesticide residues to which the French population is exposed.. Toxicology, Elsevier, 2013, epub ahead of print. 〈10.1016/j.tox.2013.04.005〉. 〈hal-00872111〉

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de la notice

114