Development and validation of a confirmatory method for the determination of 12 non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in milk using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.

Estelle Dubreil-Chéneau 1, * Yvette Pirotais 1 Mélaine Bessiral 1 Brigitte Roudaut 1 Eric Verdon 1
* Corresponding author
1 Unité de Toxicologie des Contaminants
Laboratoire de Fougères - ANSES
Abstract : A rapid and reliable LC-MS/MS method for the simultaneous confirmation of twelve non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in bovine milk was developed and fully validated in accordance with the European Commission Decision 2002/657/EC. The validation scheme was built in accordance with the MRLs or target analytical levels (EU-CRL recommended concentrations and detection capabilities) of the analytes, except for diclofenac for which the lower level of validation achieved was 0.5 μg kg(-1) whereas its MRL is 0.1 μg kg(-1). The NSAIDs investigated were as follows: phenylbutazone (PBZ), oxyphenylbutazone (OPB), naproxen (NP), mefenamic acid (MF), vedaprofen (VDP), flunixin (FLU), 5-hydroxyflunixin (FLU-OH), tolfenamic acid (TLF), meloxicam (MLX), diclofenac (DC), carprofen (CPF) and ketoprofen (KTP). Several extraction procedures had been investigated during the development phase. Finally, the best results were obtained with a procedure using only methanol as the extraction solvent, with an evaporation step included and no further purification. Chromatographic separation was achieved on a C18 analytical column and the run was split in 2 segments. Matrix effects were also investigated. Data acquisition implemented for the confirmatory purpose was performed by monitoring 2 MRM transitions per analyte under the negative electrospray mode. Mean relative recoveries ranged from 94.7% to 110.0%, with their coefficients of variation lying between 2.9% and 14.7%. Analytical limits expressed in terms of decision limits (CCα) were evaluated between 0.69 μg kg(-1) (FLU) and 27.54 μg kg(-1) (VDP) for non-MRL compounds, and at 0.10 (DC), 15.37 (MLX), 45.08 (FLU-OH), and 62.96 μg kg(-1) (TLF) for MRL compounds. The validation results proved that the method is suitable for the screening and confirmatory steps as implemented for the French monitoring plan for NSAID residue control in bovine milk.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 19, 2011 - 4:34:36 PM
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Estelle Dubreil-Chéneau, Yvette Pirotais, Mélaine Bessiral, Brigitte Roudaut, Eric Verdon. Development and validation of a confirmatory method for the determination of 12 non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in milk using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.. Journal of Chromatography A, Elsevier, 2011, 1218 (37), pp.6292-301. ⟨10.1016/j.chroma.2011.06.006⟩. ⟨hal-00653540⟩

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