Seroprevalence of Q fever (coxiellosis) in sheep from the Southern Marmara Region, Turkey.

Abstract : Little information is available in Turkey on Q fever, a zoonose caused by Coxiella burnetii and transmitted from domestic ruminants. This study aimed at investigating the seroprevalence in sheep flocks from three provinces (Bursa, Balikesir and Canakkale). Serosurvey was undertaken on 42 flocks, which were categorised by sizes. Sera were collected randomly from specific age groups within the young population. CHEKIT Q-fever ELISA kit was used to identify the infection in sheep. The results showed that 20% (n=151) of sheep were seropositive. A total of 34 flocks (81%) revealed at least one seropositive animal. Higher seroprevalence was observed in Balikesir region. Larger flocks resulted more infected than medium and small flocks. An association was found between seropositivity and age, when the primiparous ewes (1-year old) had higher antibodies rates than newborn sheep (aged less than 10 months) or biparous ewes (2 years old). These results showed that Q fever infection was common and circulating in the studied region, hence encourage efforts to propose measures that could reduce the spread and the zoonotic risk.
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Submitted on : Friday, September 18, 2009 - 4:55:33 PM
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E. Kennerman, E. Rousset, E. Gölcü, Pascal Dufour. Seroprevalence of Q fever (coxiellosis) in sheep from the Southern Marmara Region, Turkey.. Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Elsevier, 2008, epub ahead of print. ⟨10.1016/j.cimid.2008.07.007⟩. ⟨hal-00418479⟩

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