Prevalence of mycoplasmas in external ear canal of goats: influence of the sanitary status of the herd

Abstract : A study was carried out in 15 French goat herds to assess the presence of mycoplasmas in the external ear canal of goats and to estimate the association between the ear isolates (high pathogenic or non-pathogenic) and the status of the herds with respect to the mycoplasma infections. In each herd, 20 clinically normal goats were investigated once and mycoplasma isolates were identified by MF-dot tests. Influence of herd status on the proportion of animals carrying highly pathogenic species of mycoplasmas was evaluated by calculating the Odds Ratios. The present study gave first of all an estimate of the relative importance of mycoplasma carriage in healthy French dairy goat herds. The species isolated were MmmLC, Mcc, Ma, Mp (considered as highly pathogenic) and My and Mc (non pathogenic species). Carriage often involve several strains and/or species in the same ear canal. The highly pathogenic species were significantly more frequent in the herds with prior history of mycoplasma infection. This asymptomatic carrier state makes the sanitary status of a herd ambiguous and represents a risk of subsequent propagation of the etiological agents, during close physical contact or by intervention of vectors (mites).
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 23, 2009 - 9:53:27 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 23, 2018 - 9:54:02 PM

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Mercier Pascal, Pellet Marie-Pierre, Eric Morignat, Didier Calavas, François Poumarat. Prevalence of mycoplasmas in external ear canal of goats: influence of the sanitary status of the herd. Small Ruminant Research, Elsevier, 2007, 73, pp.296-299. ⟨hal-00377803⟩

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