Development of a microsphere-based immunoassay for the serological diagnosis of equine trypanosomosis - Anses - Agence nationale de sécurité sanitaire de l’alimentation, de l’environnement et du travail Access content directly
Journal Articles Scientific Reports Year : 2022

Development of a microsphere-based immunoassay for the serological diagnosis of equine trypanosomosis

Abstract

Abstract Trypanozoon infections in equids are caused by three parasite species in the Trypanozoon subgenus: Trypanosoma equiperdum , T. brucei and T. evansi. They are respectively responsible for infectious diseases dourine, nagana and surra. Due to the threat that Trypanozoon infection represents for international horse trading, accurate diagnostic tests are crucial. Current tests suffer from poor sensitivity and specificity, due in the first case to the transient presence of parasites in the blood and in the second, to antigenic cross-reactivity among Trypanozoon subspecies. This study was designed to develop a microsphere‐based immunoassay for diagnosing equine trypanosomosis. We tested beads coated with eight Trypanosoma spp. recombinant antigens: enolase, GM6, PFR1, PFR2, ISG65, VSGat, RoTat1.2 and JN2118HU. Of these, GM6 was identified as the best candidate for the serological diagnosis of Trypanozoon infections in equids. Using a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis on 349 equine sera, anti-GM6 antibodies were detected with an AUC value of 0.994 offering a sensitivity of 97.9% and a specificity of 96.0%. Our findings show that the GM6 antigen is a good target for diagnosing equine trypanosomosis using a microsphere‐based immunoassay. This promising assay could be a useful alternative to the official diagnostic tool for equine trypanosomosis.
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Dates and versions

anses-03927497 , version 1 (06-01-2023)

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Mylène Verney, Morgane Gautron, Charlène Lemans, Alain Rincé, Aymeric Hans, et al.. Development of a microsphere-based immunoassay for the serological diagnosis of equine trypanosomosis. Scientific Reports, 2022, 12 (1), pp.1308. ⟨10.1038/s41598-022-05356-y⟩. ⟨anses-03927497⟩
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