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Journal Articles Journal of Virology Year : 2021

The Genome Segments of Bluetongue Virus Differ in Copy Number in a Host-Specific Manner

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Abstract

The variation in viral gene frequencies remains a largely unexplored aspect of within-host genetics. This phenomenon is often considered to be specific to multipartite viruses. Multipartite viruses have segmented genomes, but in contrast to segmented viruses, their segments are each encapsidated alone in a virion. A main hypothesis explaining the evolution of multipartism is that, compared to segmented viruses, it facilitates the regulation of segment abundancy, and the genes the segments carry, within a host. These differences in gene frequencies could allow for expression regulation. Here, we show that wild populations of a segmented virus, bluetongue virus (BTV), also present unequal segment frequencies. BTV cycles between ruminants and Culicoides biting midges. As expected from a role in expression regulation, segment frequencies tended to show specific values that differed between ruminants and midges. Our results expand previous knowledge on gene frequency variation and call for studies on its role and conservation beyond multipartite viruses.

Dates and versions

anses-03899568 , version 1 (14-12-2022)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Cite

Yannis Moreau, Patricia Gil, Antoni Exbrayat, Ignace Rakotoarivony, Emmanuel Bréard, et al.. The Genome Segments of Bluetongue Virus Differ in Copy Number in a Host-Specific Manner. Journal of Virology, 2021, 95 (1), pp.e01834-20. ⟨10.1128/JVI.01834-20⟩. ⟨anses-03899568⟩
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