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Journal Articles Viruses Year : 2022

Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus: Molecular Interplays with IFN Response and the Importance of the Model

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Damien Vitour
Stéphan Zientara
Sandra Blaise-Boisseau
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Abstract

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious viral disease of cloven-hoofed animals with a significant socioeconomic impact. One of the issues related to this disease is the ability of its etiological agent, foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV), to persist in the organism of its hosts via underlying mechanisms that remain to be elucidated. The establishment of a virus–host equilibrium via protein–protein interactions could contribute to explaining these phenomena. FMDV has indeed developed numerous strategies to evade the immune response, especially the type I interferon response. Viral proteins target this innate antiviral response at different levels, ranging from blocking the detection of viral RNAs to inhibiting the expression of ISGs. The large diversity of impacts of these interactions must be considered in the light of the in vitro models that have been used to demonstrate them, some being sometimes far from biological systems. In this review, we have therefore listed the interactions between FMDV and the interferon response as exhaustively as possible, focusing on both their biological effect and the study models used.

Dates and versions

anses-03897920 , version 1 (14-12-2022)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Cite

Morgan Sarry, Damien Vitour, Stéphan Zientara, Labib Bakkali Kassimi, Sandra Blaise-Boisseau. Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus: Molecular Interplays with IFN Response and the Importance of the Model. Viruses, 2022, 14 (10), pp.2129. ⟨10.3390/v14102129⟩. ⟨anses-03897920⟩
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