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Genetic and antigenic characterization of Brazilian SRLV strains: Natural small ruminant interspecies transmission from mixed herds.

Abstract : Cross-species transmission events and mixed infection of small ruminant lentiviruses (SRLVs) were studied in seven goats and two sheep from three small ruminant mixed flocks from Northeast and Southeast Brazil. Genetic and antigenic analyses with gag/env genes and ELISA multiepitope SU1/SU5 recombinant antigens were carried out, respectively. The genetic analysis of gag and env sequences showed high viral diversity in both species, MVV-like (subtype A1) and CAEV-like B1 in goats, and CAEV-like (subtype B1) in sheep, revealing SRLV interspecies transmission from sheep to goats and vice versa in Brazilian farms. Two Brazilian caprine lentiviruses were segregated in two new genetic clades based on gag analyses, which suggests a new classification into heterogenic genotype A. Furthermore, goat isolates were grouped into subtype A1 and B1 clusters. Cross-reactive antibodies were detected in goats using ELISA with a recombinant antigen carrying SU1 and SU5 immunodominant epitopes; the results showed anti-CAEV and MVV antibodies in goats and anti-CAEV antibodies in sheep. This result can be associated with the high divergence in the V4 region due to SRLV variability. All results confirm cross-species infection of SRLV in Brazilian mixed herds.
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https://hal-anses.archives-ouvertes.fr/anses-03799030
Contributor : Françoise Duborgel Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, October 6, 2022 - 9:55:40 AM
Last modification on : Friday, November 4, 2022 - 6:52:06 PM

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Gissandra F. Braz, Marcos Bryan Heinemann, Jenner K.P. Reis, Bruno M. Teixeira, Juliano C.M. Cruz, et al.. Genetic and antigenic characterization of Brazilian SRLV strains: Natural small ruminant interspecies transmission from mixed herds.. Infection, Genetics and Evolution, 2022, 103, pp.105322. ⟨10.1016/j.meegid.2022.105322⟩. ⟨anses-03799030⟩

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