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Journal Articles Viruses Year : 2022

Comparative Virus-Host Protein Interactions of the Bluetongue Virus NS4 Virulence Factor

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Abstract

Bluetongue virus (BTV) is the etiologic agent of a non-contagious arthropod-borne disease transmitted to wild and domestic ruminants. BTV induces a large panel of clinical manifestations ranging from asymptomatic infection to lethal hemorrhagic fever. Despite the fact that BTV has been studied extensively, we still have little understanding of the molecular determinants of BTV virulence. In our report, we have performed a comparative yeast two-hybrid (Y2H) screening approach to search direct cellular targets of the NS4 virulence factor encoded by two different serotypes of BTV: BTV8 and BTV27. This led to identifying Wilms’ tumor 1-associated protein (WTAP) as a new interactor of the BTV-NS4. In contrast to BTV8, 1, 4 and 25, NS4 proteins from BTV27 and BTV30 are unable to interact with WTAP. This interaction with WTAP is carried by a peptide of 34 amino acids (NS422−55) within its putative coil-coiled structure. Most importantly, we showed that binding to WTAP is restored with a chimeric protein where BTV27-NS4 is substituted by BTV8-NS4 in the region encompassing residue 22 to 55. We also demonstrated that WTAP silencing reduces viral titers and the expression of viral proteins, suggesting that BTV-NS4 targets a cellular function of WTAP to increase its viral replication.

Dates and versions

anses-03659032 , version 1 (04-05-2022)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Aurore Fablet, Cindy Kundlacz, Juliette Dupré, Edouard Hirchaud, Lydie Postic, et al.. Comparative Virus-Host Protein Interactions of the Bluetongue Virus NS4 Virulence Factor. Viruses, 2022, 14 (2), pp.182. ⟨10.3390/v14020182⟩. ⟨anses-03659032⟩
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