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Asthmes en relation avec le travail chez la femme : comparaison aux données masculines. Étude rétrospective des données issues du Réseau national de vigilance et de prévention des pathologies professionnelles (RNV3P)

Abstract : Summary: Work related asthma in women: compared to data in men. Retrospect data study carried out by the RNV3P: National Network Watch and Prevention of Work related Pathologies. Introduction: Asthma is the leading cause of work related pathologies in industrialized countries. Epidemiological data on the predominance of a certain gender among workers with asthma among workers suffering from this disease is contradictory though the most recent studies seem to indicate an added frequency among female workers. The purpose of our study is to compare by sex, exposures and sectors of activity among the French population of workers who came for work-related asthma diagnosis. Method: We tabulated recent work-related asthma cases (J45, U05, J68 of the CIM-10) recorded between 2001 and 2018 in the RNV3P (National Network Watch and Prevention of Work-related Pathologies). The following parameters were looked at: demographic patients data, professional exposures, workstations and sector of activity. We retained only the medium to strong impacts. Results: During the period studied, 8385 WRA cases were recorded, mainly among men (54.5%), 13.5% of which due to irritants. We noticed a decrease of the number of cases over the years. Women suffering from WRA were most significantly found in the following sectors: hairdressing salons, hospital activities, mainly exposed to quaternary ammonium components and housecleaning products and detergents. Men were more significantly impacted while working in bread-making activity due to various flour dusts, and in construction with cyanate and isocyanates. Conclusion: Our study confirms sex is a variable in term of exposure and sectors of activity when it comes to WRA. It seems necessary to take this into account in both sexes in order to rapidly link them to the outset or worsening of asthma.
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https://hal-anses.archives-ouvertes.fr/anses-03651854
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 26, 2022 - 10:02:37 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 30, 2022 - 3:37:12 AM

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Claire Robin, Natalie Vongmany, Jean Dominique Dewitte, Brice Lodde, Lynda Larabi, et al.. Asthmes en relation avec le travail chez la femme : comparaison aux données masculines. Étude rétrospective des données issues du Réseau national de vigilance et de prévention des pathologies professionnelles (RNV3P). Archives des Maladies Professionnelles et de L'Environnement, Elsevier Masson, A paraître, 83 (3), pp.181-192. ⟨10.1016/j.admp.2022.01.013⟩. ⟨anses-03651854⟩

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