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Changes in defense capacity to infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNv) in rainbow trout intergenerationally exposed to glyphosate

Abstract : Glyphosate, the most widely used herbicide active substance worldwide, has raised many scientific, political and public debates in the context of its recent re-registration in the European Union, highlighting in particular a lack of data concerning its potential generational effects. In this study, we investigated the intergenerational toxicity of this active substance used alone or coformulated in glyphosate-based herbicides (GBHs) on the ability of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) to face a viral challenge. Juvenile trout from parents exposed for eight months to four different chemical exposure conditions (non-exposed control, pure glyphosate, Roundup Innovert®, and Viaglif Jardin® were experimentally infected with the infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNv). Various enzymatic and hemato-immunological markers were assessed before and after the viral challenge. Chemical contamination with GBHs strongly modulated viral trout susceptibility. Pure glyphosate induced a cumulative mortality of 35.8%, comparable to the control (37.0%), which was significantly reduced with Roundup Innovert® (−9.9%) and increased (+14.8%) with Viaglif Jardin®. No modification was observed for the biomarkers analysed for any conditions. These results demonstrate that the nature of the co-formulants associated to glyphosate in GHBs can modulate the susceptibility of fish to pathogens.
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https://hal-anses.archives-ouvertes.fr/anses-03610469
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 16, 2022 - 2:02:55 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 12, 2022 - 3:04:20 AM

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

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Jessy Le Du-Carrée, Joëlle Cabon, Lénaïg Louboutin, Thierry Morin, Morgane Danion. Changes in defense capacity to infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNv) in rainbow trout intergenerationally exposed to glyphosate. Fish and Shellfish Immunology, Elsevier, 2022, 122, pp.67-70. ⟨10.1016/j.fsi.2021.12.021⟩. ⟨anses-03610469⟩

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