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Characterization of a novel picornavirus isolated from moribund gilthead seabream ( Sparus aurata ) larvae

Abstract : Gilthead seabream represents a species of importance in Mediterranean aquaculture. The larval stage is particularly sensitive and frequently impacted in suboptimal environmental or sanitary conditions. In the present study, investigations were carried out in a seabream hatchery following an unusual mortality reaching 70% among 50-day post-hatching. Anorexia, loss of appetite and abnormal swimming behaviour were observed in absence of parasites or pathogenic bacteria. Proliferation of rod-shaped bacteria in the gut lumen was associated with focal degeneration in the intestinal mucosa. Cytopathic effects on an EK-1 cell line after 21 days of culture at 14°C and 20°C in contact with homogenized affected larvae revealed the presence of a viral agent. Molecular characterization by high-throughput sequencing showed a typical picornavirus genome organization with a polyprotein precursor of 2276 amino acids sharing 46.3% identity with that of the Eel Picornavirus-1. A specific real-time PCR confirmed the presence of the viral genome in affected larval homogenate and corresponding cell culture supernatant. We propose the name Potamipivirus daurada for this novel species within the genus Potamipivirus. The etiological role of this virus remains uncertain at this time, and future studies will be necessary to investigate its prevalence in natural and aquaculture-reared populations as well as its ability to cause diseases in gilthead seabream.
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https://hal-anses.archives-ouvertes.fr/anses-03610448
Contributor : Françoise Duborgel Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 16, 2022 - 1:50:29 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 28, 2022 - 3:48:02 PM

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Lénaïg Louboutin, Nolwenn Dheilly, Joëlle Cabon, Sara Picon Camacho, Aurélie Leroux, et al.. Characterization of a novel picornavirus isolated from moribund gilthead seabream ( Sparus aurata ) larvae. Journal of Fish Diseases, Wiley, 2022, ⟨10.1111/jfd.13596⟩. ⟨anses-03610448⟩

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