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Deep seepage of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances through the soil of a firefighter training site and subsequent groundwater contamination

Abstract : Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are utilized in specific firefighting foams. The objectives of this study were i) to map PFAS distribution in the soil and groundwater of a firefighter training site active for more than 3 decades, ii) to locate the main points of entry of PFASs into the aquifer and iii) to identify which PFASs seeped most deeply into the soil. A total of 44 soil cores and 17 groundwater samples were collected. Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), 6:2 fluorotelomer sulfonic acid (6:2 FTSA) and 6:2 Fluorotelomer sulfonamide alkylbetaine (6:2 FTAB) were the most predominant PFASs in surface soil. The highest total PFAS concentrations (up to 357 μg/g) were measured in two areas. Both areas were considered as potential points of entry of PFASs into the aquifer since PFASs were detected in soil 15 m below the surface, despite the presence of clay layers. The highest total PFAS concentrations were recorded in the monitoring wells located in the perimeter of the firefighter training site and in the spring located downgradient in the direction of groundwater flow. They ranged from 300 to 8300 ng/L. The fluorotelomer 6:2 FTAB was quantified in 6 monitoring wells, suggesting that this FT can reach a water table 20 m below the ground's surface.
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https://hal-anses.archives-ouvertes.fr/anses-03457465
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 30, 2021 - 3:57:56 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, December 1, 2021 - 3:44:31 AM

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Xavier Dauchy, Virginie Boiteux, Adeline Colin, Jessica Hémard, Cristina Bach, et al.. Deep seepage of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances through the soil of a firefighter training site and subsequent groundwater contamination. Chemosphere, Elsevier, 2019, 214, pp.729-737. ⟨10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.10.003⟩. ⟨anses-03457465⟩

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