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Role of enteric glial cells in the toxicity of phycotoxins: Investigation with a tri-culture intestinal cell model

Abstract : Lipophilic phycotoxins are secondary metabolites produced by phytoplankton. They can accumulate in edible filtering-shellfish and cause human intoxications, particularly gastrointestinal symptoms. Up to now, the in vitro intestinal effects of these toxins have been mainly investigated on simple monolayers of intestinal cells such as the enterocyte-like Caco-2 cell line. Recently, the combination of Caco-2 cells with mucus secreting HT29-MTX cell line has been also used to mimic the complexity of the human intestinal epithelium. Besides, enteric glial cells (EGC) from the enteric nervous system identified in the gut mucosa have been largely shown to be involved in gut functions. Therefore, using a novel model integrating Caco-2 and HT29-MTX cells co-cultured on inserts with EGC seeded in the basolateral compartment, we examined the toxicological effects of two phycotoxins, pectenotoxin-2 (PTX2) and okadaic acid (OA). Cell viability, morphology, barrier integrity, inflammation, barrier crossing, and the response of some specific glial markers were evaluated using a broad set of methodologies. The toxicity of PTX2 was depicted by a slight decrease of viability and integrity as well as a slight increase of inflammation of the Caco-2/HT29-MTX co-cultures. PTX2 induced some modifications of EGC morphology. OA induced IL-8 release and decreased viability and integrity of Caco-2/HT29-MTX cell monolayers. EGC viability was slightly affected by OA. The presence of EGC reinforced barrier integrity and reduced the inflammatory response of the epithelial barrier following OA exposure. The release of GDNF and BDNF gliomediators by EGC could be implicated in the protection observed.
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https://hal-anses.archives-ouvertes.fr/anses-03378478
Contributor : Emmanuelle Chiffoleau Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, October 14, 2021 - 4:08:05 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 15, 2021 - 3:42:06 AM

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Océane Reale, Dorina Bodi, Antoine Huguet, Valérie Fessard. Role of enteric glial cells in the toxicity of phycotoxins: Investigation with a tri-culture intestinal cell model. Toxicology Letters, Elsevier, 2021, 351, pp.89-98. ⟨10.1016/j.toxlet.2021.08.013⟩. ⟨anses-03378478⟩

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