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Impact of sociodemographic profile, generation and bioaccumulation on lifetime dietary and internal exposures to PCBs

Abstract : Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are persistent organic pollutants triggering numerous adverse effects. Because they are present in various food, dietary exposure of the population to these contaminants must be estimated to assess the related health risk. However, the classical risk assessment approach allows only short-term estimates of exposure and does not account for dietary changes, evolution of food contaminations and bioaccumulation of PCBs through life. The approach presented here assesses lifetime PCB exposure trajectories according to birth year and individual sociodemographic profiles. Moreover, a physiologically based toxicokinetic model was developed to simulate lifetime PCB plasma concentrations, while considering physiological changes with age. A focus on the long-term impact of breastfeeding is also presented in order to consider the risk related to PCBs and due to the mother-to-child transfer. For example, the exposure of an individual born in 1972 exceeds the critical value of 20 ng PCB/kg bw/day half as often as an individual born in 1932 throughout their lifetime but 13 times more often than an individual born in 2012, according to our simulations. In addition, even if breastfeeding clearly leads to much higher dietary exposures than formula feeding, the long-term impact on PCB body burden remains negligible. Risk assessment related to PCB lifetime trajectories is described and discussed.
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https://hal-anses.archives-ouvertes.fr/anses-03324231
Contributor : Christine Druesne <>
Submitted on : Monday, August 23, 2021 - 1:47:25 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, August 24, 2021 - 3:31:50 AM

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Manon Pruvost-Couvreur, Camille Béchaux, Gilles Rivière, Bruno Le Bizec. Impact of sociodemographic profile, generation and bioaccumulation on lifetime dietary and internal exposures to PCBs. Science of the Total Environment, Elsevier, 2021, 800, pp.149511. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.149511⟩. ⟨anses-03324231⟩

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