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Journal articles

Evaluation of six TaqMan RT-rtPCR kits on two thermocyclers for the reliable detection of rabies virus RNA

Abstract : Rabies is diagnosed postmortem in animals, based on tests prescribed by the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), such as the fluorescent antibody test, the direct rapid immunohistochemistry test, or pan-lyssavirus PCR assays. Several reverse-transcription real-time PCR (RT-rtPCR) methods have been developed and validated for rapid and accurate detection of lyssaviruses. We evaluated the performance of 6 TaqMan RT-rtPCR kits using different commercial master mixes and 2 real-time thermocyclers. Changing the master mix overall did not influence the TaqMan RT-rtPCR performance, regardless of the thermocycler used. The limits of detection at the 95% confidence level were 18.1–25.8 copies/µL for the Rotor-Gene Q MDx thermocycler and 16.7–21.5 for the Mx3005P thermocycler. Excellent repeatability was demonstrated for rabies virus (RABV) RNA samples of 100, 50, and 25 copies/µL regardless of the thermocycler used. RABV field samples ( n = 35) isolated worldwide gave positive results using the most efficient of the 6 kits tested, with a copy number of 6.03 × 10 2 to 6.78 × 10 7 RNA copies per reaction. The TaqMan RT-rtPCR assay provides sensitive and rapid amplification of RABV RNA.
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Submitted on : Friday, July 23, 2021 - 3:43:17 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 7:35:18 AM

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Evelyne Picard-Meyer, Carine Peytavin de Garam, Jean Luc Schereffer, Emmanuelle Robardet, Florence Cliquet. Evaluation of six TaqMan RT-rtPCR kits on two thermocyclers for the reliable detection of rabies virus RNA. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, 2019, 31 (1), pp.47-57. ⟨10.1177/1040638718818223⟩. ⟨anses-03298412⟩



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