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Co-variation between glucocorticoids, behaviour and immunity supports the pace-of-life syndrome hypothesis: an experimental approach

Abstract : Abstract The biomedical literature has consistently highlighted that long-term elevation of glucocorticoids might impair immune functions. In wild animals, patterns are less clear. Here, we re-explored the stress-immunity relationship considering the potential effects of behavioural profiles. Thirteen captive roe deer ( Capreolus capreolus ) were monitored over an eight-week period encompassing two capture events. We assessed how changes in baseline faecal cortisol metabolite (FCM) concentrations following a standardised capture protocol and vaccination affected changes in thirteen immune parameters of the innate and adaptive immunity, and whether behavioural profiles were linked to changes in baseline FCM levels and immune parameters. We found that individuals showing an increase in baseline FCM levels also exhibited an increase in immunity and were characterised by more reactive behavioural profiles (low activity levels, docility to manipulation and neophilia). Our results suggest that immunity of large mammals may be influenced by glucocorticoids, but also behavioural profiles, as it is predicted by the pace-of-life syndrome hypothesis. Our results highlight the need to consider co-variations between behaviour, immunity and glucocorticoids in order to improve our understanding of the among-individual variability in the stress-immunity relationships observed in wildlife, as they may be underpinned by different life-history strategies.
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https://hal-anses.archives-ouvertes.fr/anses-03292926
Contributor : Sophie Marchal-Mauer <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 20, 2021 - 4:29:52 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, July 22, 2021 - 3:27:16 AM

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Jeffrey Carbillet, Benjamin Rey, Rupert Palme, Chloé Monestier, Luca Börger, et al.. Co-variation between glucocorticoids, behaviour and immunity supports the pace-of-life syndrome hypothesis: an experimental approach. 2021. ⟨anses-03292926⟩

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