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Investigation of Echinococcus multilocularis in foxes and dogs in Pakistan by detection of copro-DNA

Abstract : Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a zoonosis caused by Echinococcus multilocularis, a heteroxenous parasite belonging to Cestoda class. AE is currently considered an important public health issue, but epidemiological and notably molecular data from several endemic countries, including Pakistan, are sparse. Here we report the first detection of Echinococcus multilocularis in wildlife from Pakistan after real-time PCR and sequencing confirmation in the faecal samples of three foxes from northern Kaghan and Siran regions. The occurrence is estimated at 4.4% (95% CI 0.9-12.4). In order to go further in the epidemiological investigations on E. multilocularis and due to the potential presence of other Echinococcus species, we suggest the need for further epidemiological surveys targeting E. multilocularis and E. granulosus sensu lato isolates from humans and intermediate hosts as well as definitive hosts from wildlife in Pakistan.
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https://hal-anses.archives-ouvertes.fr/anses-03292838
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 20, 2021 - 4:05:16 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 12, 2021 - 10:18:09 AM

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Aisha Khan, Gérald Umhang, Zaib Ullah, Franck Boué, Vanessa Bastid, et al.. Investigation of Echinococcus multilocularis in foxes and dogs in Pakistan by detection of copro-DNA. Parasitology Research, Springer Verlag (Germany), 2021, 120 (2), pp.731-737. ⟨10.1007/s00436-020-07001-x⟩. ⟨anses-03292838⟩

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