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Benchmark dose analyses of γH2AX and pH3 endpoints for quantitative comparison of in vitro genotoxicity potential of lipophilic phycotoxins

Abstract : The phycotoxins, okadaic acid (OA) and dinophysistoxins 1 and 2 (DTX-1 and -2), are protein phosphatase PP2A and PP1 inhibitors involved in diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP) in humans. Data on the in vivo acute toxicity of the OA-group toxins show some differences and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has determined toxicity equivalent factors (TEFs) of one for the reference toxin, OA, as well as for DTX-1 and 0.6 for DTX-2. However, recent in vitro studies indicated that DTX-1 seems to be more toxic than OA. As OA was described as apoptotic and aneugenic compound, we analyzed the DNA damage responses induced by the 3 toxins through γH2AX and pH3 biomarkers on proliferative HepaRG cells using High Content Analysis. We quantitatively examined the responses for γH2AX and pH3 by benchmark dose analyzing (BMD) using PROAST software. We found that the three toxins increased both γH2AX- and pH3-positive cells populations in a concentration-dependent manner. The 3 toxins induced mitotic arrest, characteristic of aneugenic compounds, as well as DNA strand-breaks concomitantly to cytotoxicity. BMD analysis showed that DTX-1 is the most potent inducer of DNA damage, followed by OA and DTX-2. The quantitative genotoxic data provided in this study are additional findings for reconsidering the estimated TEFs of this group of phycotoxins.
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https://hal-anses.archives-ouvertes.fr/anses-02861907
Contributor : Emmanuelle Chiffoleau <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 9, 2020 - 11:56:30 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 10, 2020 - 4:07:12 AM

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Ludovic Le Hégarat, Alain-Claude Roudot, Valérie Fessard. Benchmark dose analyses of γH2AX and pH3 endpoints for quantitative comparison of in vitro genotoxicity potential of lipophilic phycotoxins. Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis, 2020, 852, pp.503169. ⟨10.1016/j.mrgentox.2020.503169⟩. ⟨anses-02861907⟩

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