A non-targeted LC-HRMS approach for detecting exposure to illegal veterinary treatments: The case of cephalosporins in commercial laying Hens

Abstract : Cephalosporins are of particular importance in human medicine and should be reserved for second-line curative treatment in the veterinary field to avoid any emerging antimicrobial resistance. Due to misuse of ceftiofur in the poultry sector in France, it is now recommended to completely stop using cephalosporins in this sector. Methods currently used for the control of veterinary practices are mostly based on liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry in a targeted mode, including parent compounds and any major metabolites. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relevance of untargeted metabolomic approaches to highlight a possible exposure of laying hens to cephalosporins using a predictive model including selected treatment biomarkers. An experimentation carried out on living animals involved the administration of cefquinome and ceftiofur. Three biological matrices—droppings, eggs and liver—were investigated. Metabolites were extracted and analysed by liquid chromatography coupled to high resolution mass spectrometry in a full scan mode. Metabolites impacted by the treatment were selected by using univariate and multivariate statistical analyses. Predictive models built from the potential biomarkers selected in the "droppings" matrix were validated and able to classify “treated” and “control” hens. PLS-DA and logistic regression models were compared and both models gave satisfactory results in terms of prediction. Results were of less interest for other matrices in which only biomarkers of exposure to cefquinome were detected.
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https://hal-anses.archives-ouvertes.fr/anses-02112120
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Submitted on : Friday, April 26, 2019 - 2:26:00 PM
Last modification on : Friday, May 3, 2019 - 8:48:23 AM

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Murielle Gaugain, Sophie Mompelat, Marie-Pierre Fourmond, Jacqueline Manceau, Jean-Guy Rolland, et al.. A non-targeted LC-HRMS approach for detecting exposure to illegal veterinary treatments: The case of cephalosporins in commercial laying Hens. Journal of Chromatography A, Elsevier, 2019, pp.1-11. ⟨10.1016/j.chroma.2019.04.022⟩. ⟨anses-02112120⟩

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