Characterization of plasmids harboring blaCTX-M genes in Escherichia coli from French pigs

Abstract : Resistance to extended-spectrum cephalosporins is prevalent in French pig E. coli isolates. The aim of this study was to characterize the plasmids and genes present in pathogenic and commensal extended-spectrum cephalosporins -resistant isolates. The resistance plasmids of 26 strains were sequenced and then analyzed to identify resistance and virulence genes. Results showed that resistance to extended-spectrum cephalosporins in French pig E. coli isolates is-as in other food animals in France-mainly carried by highly similar blaCTX-M-1 IncI1/ST3 plasmids. These plasmids very often bear other resistance genes such as resistance to sulphonamides (sul2), trimethoprim (dfrA17) and aminoglycosides (aadA5), and occasionally to tetracycline (tet(A)), macrolides (mph(A) and erm genes), phenicols (floR) or streptomycin (strA, strB). Few virulence genes were detected, including colicins, heat-stable enterotoxins, adhesins or temperature-sensitive hemagglutinins. The other cefotaximases detected were blaCTX-M-27 and blaCTX-M-14, the latter being on an IncF plasmid which showed very close identity to a human epidemic plasmid. Importantly, resistance genes for quinolones or polymyxins were never detected on the extended-spectrum cephalosporins resistance plasmids. These results are helpful to evidence the risk of co-selecting cephalosporins -resistance using antibiotics outside this group. They also highlight the occasional presence in pigs of human epidemic plasmids.
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https://hal-anses.archives-ouvertes.fr/anses-01958100
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Submitted on : Monday, December 17, 2018 - 4:52:13 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, February 19, 2019 - 3:14:07 PM

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  • HAL Id : anses-01958100, version 1
  • PUBMED : 30269783

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Pierrick Lucas, Eric Jouy, Laetitia Le Devendec, Claire de Boisseson, Agnès Perrin-Guyomard, et al.. Characterization of plasmids harboring blaCTX-M genes in Escherichia coli from French pigs. Veterinary Microbiology, Elsevier, 2018, 224, pp.100-106. ⟨https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378113518304292?via%3Dihub⟩. ⟨anses-01958100⟩

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